|You might buy a well-known brand rather than the supermarket version, convinced the biscuits are better quality. Yet the ingredients are exactly the same.
|Maybe you choose the biscuits you know that your friends or family eat. You are following what others do, rather than thinking for yourself.
|Perhaps you buy the biscuits you have always eaten without considering any other options.
|You are in a hurry, so you grab a brand you recognise or the cheapest big packet. There is no time to consider your decision.
Awareness of bias
|Try to be aware of your own personal bias. It may help to reflect on whether this is shaped by aspects of your identity, such as your gender, social class, ethnicity or nationality.
Avoid group think
|Be aware of the influences of your peers and relatives, your family background and culture and avoid group think. Look for information from other sources.
Adopt an open mind
|Listen to other people’s viewpoints, even if you disagree with them. Don’t judge before you’ve heard what they say.
Assess the information
|Spend time assessing the information you hear and read. Always ask questions about it. Discuss ideas with others and work out what you think.
Developing a critical mindset involves drawing on qualities including confidence, motivation, curiosity and effort.
To make your writing as engaging and convincing as possible, it’s worth giving the counter-argument sufficient space and understanding.
Working from the bottom up can be a creative way to grow a project. You write notes as you read to create a rough draft as you go.